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(Нобелевские  премии по экономике — см.) Economic — All  Nobel  Laureates  in Physics     Chemistry  Medicine   Peace   Literature  

Video Prize Lectures   —  All Prizes in Economics Sciences   Facts on the Prize in Economic Sciences   Prize Awarder for the Prize in Economic Sciences   Nomination and Selection of Economic Sciences Laureates  Economic Sciences Prize Medal Articles in Economic Sciences Video Interviews)  in Memory of Alfred Nobel (Sveriges Riksbank) 1969-2007, by Assar Lindbeck (See the table  to classify fields of research.*+1А-наш вариант)

New Methods of Economic Analysis- «method awards», TheoryGeneral Equilibrium+ Macroeconomics-aggregates, such as private consumption, investment, exports, sectors «submodels» Microeconomicsdecision-making by individual households  and firms, resources .. InterdisciplinaryResearch- widened the domain of economic analysis to new areas
1969Ragnar Frisch  and Jan Tinbergen  econometric «dynamic models» paralleling Meade’s analysis ..»oekosirk system» (income and expenditure flows), 1989 — Trygve Haavelmo  development of Frisch —  statistics «probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analysis of simultaneous economic structures»1971Simon Kuznets— the  borderline  history,  «for his empiric interpretation of economic growth» — inductive ..  «Kuznets’s curve» of the U-shaped relation between GDP and income inequality,  distribution  at different times.  the long-run average propensity to consume1973Wassily Leontief   «input-output method» 1984Richard Stone  for » development of systems of national  accounts»  —empirical  registration  of  theoretical  interaction  of billions of transactions in millions of different markets. Arrow and Debreu, 1930s, as Frisch, Kuznets.2000James Heckman  andDaniel McFadden  –  new methods in empirical analysis of individual and household behavior – micro econometrics  Heckman  correction (the Heckit  method).Microdata, Heterogeneity and the Evaluation of Public Policy-HeckmanEconomic Choices— McFadden
2002Vernon Smith,  with Kahneman,  methods for laboratory experiments in economics, understanding of economic behavior
Constructivist and Ecological Rationality-Smith2003Robert Engle  and  Clive Granger, statistical methods developing over time .. «autoregressive conditional hetero skedasticity» (ARCH)Risk and Volatility:Econometric  Models and Financial Practice-Engle III-«stochastic trend», «non-stationary»Time Series Analysis, Cointegration, and Applications-Granger(2011— Sargent —  United States Then, Europe Now   Sims — Statistical  Modeling of  Monetary  Policy and its Effects

«for their empirical analysis of asset prices»

1970Paul Samuelson(1970) for having «developed static and dynamic economic theory;»1972Kenneth Arrow and John Hicks  for «contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory;»1975Leonid Kantorovich and Tjalling Koopmans  — 1939, resource use — price system. linear programming. Koopmans’ so-called activity analysis, «accounting prices.» decentralized decision-making in a planned economy — general equilibrium theory by Arrow +1983Gerard Debreu  «his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium»1988Maurice Allais «for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources»1994— game theory. While  Neumann and Morgenstern 1940s, spawned byJohn Harsanyi, John Nash and Reinhard Selten, «equilibrium in the theory of non-cooperative games.» (Nash distinction + equilibrium for predicting the outcome) Selten refine the Nash equilibrium for dynamic strategic interaction -competition with only a few sellers. Harsanyi — information economics, after Stigler, Vickrey and Mirrlees.2005Robert AumannandThomas Schelling— make game theory a unifying framework for the social sciences.War and Peace-AumannSixty Years:Legacy of Hiroshima-Schelling*2007Leonid Hurwicz, defined allocation mechanisms as a game — send messages center». mechanism design are Mirrlees’ optimization analysis and Vickrey’s analysis of auction markets.Roger Myerson and Eric Maskin, have generalized  Hurwicz, Mirrlees and Vickrey. «revelation principle», «multiple equilibria»),Guard the Guardians?-Leonid HurwiczMechanism Design:Implement Social Goals —MaskinPerspectives on Mechanism Design in Economic Theory —Myerson 1976Milton Friedman— «consumption analysis, monetary history and theory.» 1957 United States-monetary interpretation of macroeconomic fluctuations.1977 James Meade and Bertil Ohlin«the theory of international trade and international capital movement»:foreign transactions. interregional .. Heckscher-Ohlin model. proportions of available factors of production (capital and labor)1979Arthur Lewis and Theodore Schultz—  «economic  development  with parti­cular consideration of the problems of  developing  countries».  Lewis — two long-term growth models for less  developed  countries — elastic s1upply of labor, export  tropical products. Schultz — investment in human capital1980Lawrence Klein«econometric models and their application to the analysis of  economic fluctuations  and economic policies»1981James  Tobin  «financial   markets   and their relation to expendi­ture decisions, employment, production and prices.» — models «Tobin’s q». portfolio model — direct effects on product prices of changes in the supply of money.1985-Franco Modigliani— life-cycle theory of saving — household — withMerton Miller— foundation «corporate finance» Modigliani-Miller theorem — value of a firm in the stock market1987Robert Solow— theory of long-term macro­economic growth.1995Robert Lucas, consequences of «rational expectations»

1999Robert Mundell, the so-called Mundell-Fleming model. introduced foreign trade and capital movements into Hick’s IS-LM .. Hume’s international price adjustment focusing on monetary factorsTwentieth Centur-Mundell
2004— developed  the insights of Lucas and Solow. problems oftime consistency Quantitative  Aggregate  Theory
The Transformation  of Macroeconomic  Policy and Research-Prescott
2006-Macroeconomics for a Modern Economy —Phelps2008— Increasing Returns —Krugman2010— Unemployment, Vacancies, Wages —Diamond,Pissarides-Equilibrium in the Labour — Market with Search Frictions  —Mortensen

(2011— Sargent — Sims  =2013

(1972Arrow1978Herbert Simon— administrative (management) science — «the decision-making process within economic organizations.» microeconomic theory,  maximization principle …full («unbounded») rationality. choose a «best» alternative, microeconomic theory1982George Stigler  «industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation», «regulatory capture». In a similar vein as Friedman, «information economics», introducing information costs explicitly in his analysis. Other –96-011990Harry Markowitz Merton Miller and William Sharpe  (Modigliani  foundations 1950-60s1996James Mirrlees and William Vickrey— various limitations in information of individuals, «information asymmetries» .. for taxation .. government and private agents. Vickrey’s clarified the properties of various types of auctions.. sales of government assets («privatization»).
1997Robert Merton  and  Myron Scholes  — price formation  of so-called  derivative instruments such as options, shares and foreign exchange. (The late Fisher Black.
2001George  AkerlofMichael  Spenceand Joseph Stiglitz. adjustment  mechanisms ..  «signaling» .. «screening»: Behavioral Macroeconomics  and Macroeconomic Behavior— Akerlof Signaling —  Informational  Structure of  Markets  -SpenceInformation — Paradigm  in Economics —Stiglitz(2007Hurwicz+,)
2009— Beyond Markets and States:Polycentric Governance —Elinor Ostrom
Transaction Cost Economics:l Progression  —  Williamson=Институты2012 — игры, Шепли, Рот2014 Jean Tirole
(71)-1974Friedrich von Hayek and Gunnar Myrdal1940s  interrelations between economic, social and political processes — business cycles and monetary  1930s abstract (Hayek — information price, behavior -institutional decisions, define contracts and property rights — parallels Buchanan and Coase. «spontaneous» social order by contrast to planned institutional designs.  Myrdal — sociological perspective ..virtuous circles,  «mutual causation»   «Negro Problem»Dilemma(1944) outlawing segregation.  «mutual causation» in poverty and economic development inSouth Asia.(1978H. Simon-)1986James Buchanan—  boundary political science,  «the contractual and constitutional basis for the theory of economic and political decision-making» —  «public choice» school, endogenize political behavior in models of national economies.1991Ronald Coase:»significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy» — the borderline law and organization — size of firms, voluntary contracts .. «external effects» of production,  as  pollution.. Coase’s concept of transaction costs — theory of contracts and «law and economics».1992Gary Becker «extended  microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behavior and interaction, including nonmarket».  — the borderline sociology,  the family — household’s role as a combined producer and consumer .. «economic» behavior of families – labor supply, consumption, household … education, marriage, childbirth, and divorce. «social interaction» «rational choice» school in sociology.1993Robert Fogel and Douglass North(- 71) — the boundary «economic history -quantitative methods to explain economic and institutional change». role of slavery.. railways, institutions, such as property rights, types of transaction costs specialization interregional trade.1998Amartya Sen-«welfare economics» — the borderline philosophical collective decisions and welfare evaluations, measure income distribution and poverty — determinants and consequences of starvation
2002Daniel Kahnemanpsychology (+96 Tversky) decision-making under uncertainty, «prospect theory».. ‘ specific perceptions of alternatives — choice, «framing»
Maps of Bounded Rationality-Kahneman
(2009— Elinor Ostrom Transaction CostWilliamson)

*последователи Кейнса — от «Экономические последствия мира»— условий договора с Германией после первой мировой войны, приведшего ко второй, Статья World’s Economic Outlook(1932 — Великая Депрессия), Резюме бесед с Дж. М. Кейнсом,  1936.Открытое письмо президенту Рузвельту— проблемы выхода из кризиса.

Дж. М. Кейнс. «Общая теория занятости, процента и денег»—  ссылки на каждую главу и примечания Кейнса (ср.«General theory of Employment, Interest and Money»)

«Алфред Маршалл, 1842-1924» — отношение ученика к своему великому предшественнику — Кембридж.школа

до последней премии — 46-й (75 лауреатов 1969-2014 гг.)

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014

Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen* and Robert J. Shiller

«for their empirical analysis of asset prices»

(*Хансен — соавтор САРДЖЕНТа 1943-см.United States Then, Europe Now (8.12.2011) Video Lecture Slides

Thomas J. Sargent, Christopher A. Sims

Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen, Christopher A. Pissarides

Elinor Ostrom, Oliver E. Williamson

Paul Krugman

Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin, Roger B. Myerson

Edmund S. Phelps

Robert J. Aumann, Thomas C. Schelling

Finn E. Kydland, Edward C. Prescott

Robert F. Engle III, Clive W.J. Granger

Daniel Kahneman, Vernon L. Smith

George A. Akerlof, A. Michael Spence, Joseph E. Stiglitz

James J. Heckman, Daniel L. McFadden

Robert A. Mundell

Amartya Sen

Robert C. Merton, Myron S. Scholes

James A. Mirrlees, William Vickrey

Robert E. Lucas Jr.

John C. Harsanyi, John F. Nash Jr., Reinhard Selten

Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C. North

Gary S. Becker

Ronald H. Coase

Harry M. Markowitz, Merton H. Miller, William F. Sharpe

Trygve Haavelmo

Maurice Allais

Robert M. Solow

James M. Buchanan Jr.

Franco Modigliani

Richard Stone

Gerard Debreu

George J. Stigler

James Tobin

Lawrence R. Klein

Theodore W. Schultz, Sir Arthur Lewis

Herbert A. Simon

Bertil Ohlin, James E. Meade

Milton Friedman

Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich, Tjalling C. Koopmans

Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich August von Hayek

Wassily Leontief

John R. Hicks, Kenneth J. Arrow

Simon Kuznets

Paul A. Samuelson

Ragnar Frisch, Jan Tinbergen

United States Then, Europe Now
Prize Lecture by Thomas J. Sargent

Statistical Modeling of Monetary Policy and its Effects
Prize Lecture by Christopher A. Sims


Unemployment, Vacancies, Wages
Prize Lecture by Peter A. Diamond

Markets with Search Frictions
Prize Lecture by Dale T. Mortensen

Equilibrium in the Labour Market with Search Frictions
Prize Lecture by Christopher A. Pissarides


Beyond Markets and States:Polycentric Governance of Complex Economic Systems
Prize Lecture by Elinor Ostrom

Transaction Cost Economics:The Natural Progression
Prize Lecture by Oliver E. Williamson


Increasing Returns
Prize Lecture by Paul Krugman


But Who Will Guard the Guardians?
Prize Lecture by Leonid Hurwicz

Mechanism Design:How to Implement Social Goals
Prize Lecture by Eric S. Maskin

Perspectives on Mechanism Design in Economic Theory
Prize Lecture by Roger B. Myerson


Macroeconomics for a Modern Economy
Prize Lecture by Edmund S. Phelps


War and Peace
Prize Lecture by Robert J. Aumann

An Astonishing Sixty Years:The Legacy of Hiroshima
Prize Lecture by Thomas C. Schelling


Quantitative Aggregate Theory
Prize Lecture by Finn E. Kydland

The Transformation of Macroeconomic Policy and Research
Prize Lecture by Edward C. Prescott


Risk and Volatility:Econometric Models and Financial Practice
Prize Lecture by Robert F. Engle III

Time Series Analysis, Cointegration, and Applications
Prize Lecture by Clive W.J. Granger


Maps of Bounded Rationality
Prize Lecture by Daniel Kahneman

Constructivist and Ecological Rationality in Economics
Prize Lecture by Vernon L. Smith


Behavioral Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Behavior
Prize Lecture by George A. Akerlof

Signaling in Retrospect and the Informational Structure of Markets
Prize Lecture by A. Michael Spence

Information and the Change in the Paradigm in Economics
Prize Lecture by Joseph E. Stiglitz


Microdata, Heterogeneity and the Evaluation of Public PolicyJames J. Heckman

Economic Choices Daniel L. McFadden


A Reconsideration of the Twentieth CenturRobert A. Mundell

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